09 Jan 2018

General Intelligence and Reasoning Test

General Intelligence and Reasoning Test:

General Intelligence and Reasoning Test occupies a prime place of importance in most of the Competitive Exams. It is based on Multiple Choice Questions which tests your logical and thinking ability to interpret a given question/situation and finding out the best answer out of the answer choices.

1. Syllogistic reasoning:

  • Syllogisms are also known as deductive reasoning tests and are designed to test your logical reasoning abilities.
  • Use Venn diagrams to solve questions of this type.
  • Venn diagrams help you form simple relations between the different statements mentioned in the question to result in a valid conclusion of the syllogism.
  • Syllogisms can have 70-80% accuracy. This means if you attempt 5 questions, you will get around 3-4 right (on an average).
  • Aim for the above accuracy.
  • Practice 3-4 syllogisms everyday.

2. Relationship Concepts:

  • They are designed to check your cognitive skills.
  • They might appear long and complicated however they are terribly simple to solve.
  • To decide whether you should solve the problem is to find out which type of problem is it:
    Single person Blood relation.
    Mixed blood relation.
    Coded blood relation.
  • If it is a single person blood relation problem, then go ahead and solve it.
  • They take less time and have higher (90%+) accuracy.
  • For single person blood relation break the sentence at is/was/as and resolve it from last point to is/was/as to get the solution.
  • Use diagrammatic representation to solve it.

3. Statement conclusion:

  • In this type of questions ambiguity kicks in.
  • There is no definite right or wrong answer, since it depends on the thought process of the candidate.
  • Only answer it, if you are 100% sure or the question is really easy.
  • Spend no more than 2-3 minutes combined on this topic.

4. Seating Arrangement and Directions:

  • It is really easy to figure out from previous paper’s analysis that questions from Sitting arrangement (Liner, Circular) and Directions constitute a major chunk of reasoning section. This is unlikely to change for this year’s paper too.
  • The 3 topics mentioned above will carry up to 35-40 marks, making it the WOW topic for this section.
  • The best part about Sitting arrangement questions is they are clubbed together. This means they are asked as set of 3-5 questions based on one case.
  • So, if you manage to get the initial arrangement correct, you can attempt all questions for that case with 100% accuracy and in a total time of 3-4 minutes.
  • Beware, if you do not practice for these type of questions, you will end up spending 10-15 minutes and still get an incorrect answer.
  • This will not only cost you marks but will also result in poor time management for the other parts of the paper.
  • So the mantra here would be practice, practice and practice.
  • Start by going through the basic concepts of sitting arrangement (try permutation and combination topic from 12th standard NCERT book).
  • Solve 2 questions of sitting arrangement and 1 question of direction daily for the next 3 months. This will increase your speed, your visualizing capabilities and moreover you will be prepared for the toughest level of Sitting arrangement questions by the time of your exam.

General Intelligence and Reasoning Syllabus:

S. No.Topics
1.Syllogism
2.Seating Arrangement
3.Blood Relation
4.Directions
5.Coding-Decoding
6.Statement and Conclusions
7.Statement and Assumptions
8.Analogy
9.Ranking
10.Series Problems
11.Non Verbal Reasoning

 

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