TNPSC Group 2 Fundamental Duties Notes Questions and Answer:
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Fundamental Duties Notes:
The Fundamental Duties in the Indian constitution are inspired by the Constitution of the former USSR. In 1976, the Congress party set up the Sardar Swaran Singh Committee to make recommendations on fundamental duties. The 42nd Amendment Act of 1976 added some responsibilities of citizens to our Constitution called the Fundamental Duties. This amendment added a new part, namely, Part IVA to the Constitution. This new part consists of only one Article that is Article 51A which for the first time specified a code of ten fundamental duties of the citizens.
List of Fundamental Duties:
(a) To abide by the constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem.
(b) To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired the national struggle for freedom.
(c) To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India
(d) To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so
(e) To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood among all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic, and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women
(f) To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture
(g) To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures
(h) To develop scientific temper, humanism, and the spirit of inquiry and reform.
(i) To safeguard public property and to abjure violence
(j) To strive towards excellence in all spheres
of individual and collective activity, so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement
(k) To provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years. (The 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002 has also introduced the 11th Fundamental Duty under 51A(k) under which all citizens of India or parents shall provide opportunities for education to their children between the age of 6 and 14 years)
Fundamental Duties Questions and Answer:
I. Choose the correct answer:
1. Which constitutional amendment added the Fundamental Duties?
a. 24th Constitutional amendment 1976 b. 40th Constitutional amendment 1976
c. 42nd Constitutional amendment 1976 d. 86th Constitutional amendment 2002
2. How many Fundamental Duties are there when the commencement of the Indian constitution?
a.10 b. 11 c. 12 d. 13
3. Which of the following Fundamental Duty was added in the 86thConstitutional Amendment?
a. Protection of Indian Sovereignty, Unity, and Integrity
b. To develop scientific temper, humanism, and the spirit of inquiry and reform
c.To provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and twelve years.
d. To provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years.
4. Which of the following statements is/are Fundamental Duties?
i. To cherish and follow the noble ideals that inspired the national struggle for freedom
ii. To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
iii. To renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women
iv. To safeguard Public Property.
v. To separate the judiciary from the executive.
a. 1,2 and 5 b. 2,3 and 4 c. 2,3,4 and 5 d. 1,2,3 and 4
5. Listen to the following statements:
- Fundamental duties are the basic duties of a citizen erstwhile it can’t enforce with the writ
- Fundamental duties are confined to Indian Citizens only.
a.1 only true b. 2 only true c. 1 and 2 is true d. 1 and 2 is wrong
6. When did the 86thConstitutional Amendment was came to effect?
a. 2002 b. 2010 c. 2011 d. 1976
7. From Which country’s constitution the Fundamental Duties was borrowed?
a. America b. Russia c. Ireland d. England
8. How many times the Part IV- A of the Indian Constitution was Amended?
a. One-time b. Two times c. Three times d. Four Times
9. By Whom’s recommendation, the Fundamental Duties are added in the Constitution?
a. Sarkaria committee b. Swaran Singh committee c. Balwandirai Metha committee d. Ashok Metha committee.
10. Which of the following statements are Fundamental Duties?
i.To cherish and follow the noble ideals that inspired the national struggle for freedom.
ii. To value and distribute equally the country’s composite resource for the Citizens.
iii. To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic, and regional or sectional diversities.
iv. To value and preserve the rich heritage of the country’s composite culture.
v.To protect forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife, and the environment
a. 1,2 and 5 b. 2,3 and 4 c.1,3,4 and 5 d.1,3 and 4
11. The amendment year of the 86thConstitutional Amendment
a. 2002 b. 2010 c.2011 d.1976
12 . How many Fundamental Duties are there in our Indian Constitution now?
a.10 b. 11 c. 12 d. 13
13. To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem. This is a
a. Fundamental Right b. Fundamental Duty c. Directive Principles of State Policy d. None of the Above.
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